The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a sovereign country in Europe. It consists of four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. London is the capital city and the largest city in the United Kingdom. This country has a long history and many famous people have left their traces behind here. Music festivals, sports competitions, science fairs and many universities all make the United Kingdom one of the most attractive tourist destinations in Europe.
The United Kingdom is one of the most highly developed countries in the world and has a large engineering sector producing some of the highest-quality goods and services. In 2015 alone, UK businesses spent more than £100 billion on research and development.
Transport in the United Kingdom is by road, rail, air and water. The United Kingdom has a market-oriented transport system composed of railways, roadways and canals.